We conducted examinations of eight mineral and industrial water wells located in the Transylvania region in May and October 2022. Since the wells were in continuous use, we had to carry out the examination in two phases, one well in May and seven wells in October.
During the investigations, we performed camera surveys, identified well structures, and determined the productive layers. At some wells, we also conducted surface water and gas sampling, deep water sampling, gas-water ratio determination, and laboratory tests.
In our expert report, we not only analyzed the results of some of these examinations but also included laboratory findings and camera footage, along with recommendations for the improvement of some wells.
The examination of the mineral and industrial water wells in Transylvania yielded several interesting and significant findings.
The camera surveys allowed us to determine the condition of the wells’ structure, the materials they were made of, their depth, and the issues they faced.
For instance, some wells had damaged or clogged pipelines, while others had malfunctioning pumps.
During the detection of productive layers, we identified from which layers are still productive and the amount each of them produced.
In some wells, a significant amount of gas was released with the water, indicating their potential for gas production as well.
During surface water and gas sampling, we measured parameters such as water temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, oxygen content, and carbon dioxide content. We also determined the composition of the gas, which was primarily methane.
Deep water sampling involved using specialized tools to collect samples from the productive layers, which were then sent to the laboratory for further analysis. Laboratory tests helped us ascertain the water’s mineral content, hardness, organic matter content, and microbiological quality. Some of the examined waters showed high mineral content, suggesting potential therapeutic properties.
Based on the examination results, we prepared an expert report containing recommendations for the repair, maintenance, and development of the wells.
- For some wells, we suggested replacing or cleaning the pipelines, while for others, repairing or replacing the pumps was advised.
- In wells suitable for gas production, we recommended optimizing the gas-water ratio and finding solutions for gas extraction and storage.
- In the case of therapeutic waters, we proposed continuous water quality monitoring and exploration of water utilization possibilities.
The examination of the mineral and industrial water wells in Transylvania provided numerous interesting and useful insights into the wells’ condition, structure, productive layers, and water and gas quality.
Based on the examination results, we prepared an expert report with recommendations for the improvement, maintenance, and development of the wells.
We hope that these investigations will contribute to the more efficient and sustainable utilization of the mineral and industrial water wells in Transylvania.